Stateside Puerto Ricans

In my post on Assyrians below I avoided the term “Caucasian,” because I didn’t want to confuse people. I now believe that a population movement from the trans-Caucasian region due to demographic expansion has probably had a major impact on both Europe and South Asia. This gets really dumbfounding for thestupid peoplewho ask and answer questions of the form “are Armenians white? After all, the Armenians are indubitably Caucasian, and Caucasian is white, right? Compare the subtly of a regular dictionary definition of Caucasian, to the straightforward acknowledgement of the idiocy of the common usage of the term inurban dictionary.

People who had minority interracial ancestry were to be reported as the race of their father. A study done in 2009 shows that there is not a significant difference between the attitudes or preferences towards the terms among young (18–25) and older individuals. Among the overall Hispanic population, young Hispanic prefer to identify themselves with their family’s country of origin. Yet, older Hispanics are more likely to identify as white than younger Hispanics. When it comes to the preference of “Latino” or “Hispanic”, the younger subgroup is more likely to state that it does not matter.

Her success in the 1960s gave Latina immigrants a presence in off-Broadway productions. Another Cuban immigrant, Ana Mendieta, created sculptures, performances, and many other art mediums that focused on themes of women, life experiences, and earth. She received a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009, which emphasizes her success in her artistic fields and connection to life experiences. Celia Cruz, born in Havana, Cuba, was famous for her Cuban-inspired salsa music and many Latin and American Grammy’s.

Nuevomexicanos and Tejanos are distinct cultures with their own cuisines, dialects and musical traditions. The term “Chicano” became popular amongst Mexican Americans in the 1960s during the Chicano nationalism and Chicano Movement, and is today seen as an ethnic and cultural identity by some. Political activist César Chávez and novelist José Antonio Villarreal are famous Chicanos. There are few immigrants directly from Spain, since Spaniards have historically emigrated to Latin America rather than English-speaking countries.

Brazilian women are thus Latina , whereas Spanish women are Hispanic . As Brazil and Spain are not disaggregated as Hispanic origin options in the Current Population Survey conducted by the U.S.

Celia immigrated to the US in the early 1960s against Castro’s wishes. Not only was she famous for her vocals, but she made many Hollywood appearances, resulting in a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame.

According to Google Trends, it was first seen online in 2004, and in scholarly work the “x” in Latinx was initially introduced by a Puerto Rican psychology periodical “to challenge the gender binaries encoded in the Spanish Language”. In the U.S. it was first used in activist and LGBT circles as a way to expand on earlier attempts at gender-inclusive forms of the grammatically masculine Latino, such as Latino/a and Latin@.

As one of the only two specifically designated categories of ethnicity in the United States (the other being “Not Hispanic or Latino”), Hispanics form a pan-ethnicity incorporating a diversity of inter-related cultural and linguistic heritages. Most Hispanic Americans are of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Salvadoran, Dominican, Guatemalan, or Colombian origin. The predominant origin of regional Hispanic populations varies widely in different locations across the country.

Population Growth Rate

Hence, this definition would effectively include French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish peoples etc. as “latinos” along with the people descended from the Latin colonies. The U.S. Census Bureau defines being Hispanic as an ethnicity, rather than a race, and thus people of this group may be of any race. In a 2015 national survey of self-identified Hispanics, 56% said that being Hispanic is part of both their racial and ethnic background, while smaller numbers considered it part of their ethnic background only (19%) or racial background only (11%).

Similarly to Spaniards, Portuguese, English, German and many other European nations over the centuries, many Latin Americans also possess colonial era New Christian Sephardic Jewish ancestry. To a lesser extent other Latin Americans possess at least partial ancestry of more recent post-colonial ancestry from Ashkenazi Jews, Levantine Arabs , as well as Chinese and Japanese among others. Thus, as a whole, Latin Americans are a multiracial population, with degrees of admixture levels that vary from person to person, from varying global genetic sources.

These are phenotypical differences which result from genetic variations. I believe it is true that the variability within any “racial” group can be quite substantial, but not so much that an observer could wrongly perceive a person’s race. There is enough enough overlap in the distribution of the skin tones of Europeans and Africans to mistake a European with dark skin for an African with light skin; but then the other the other phenotypical traits would have to bear more resemblance to the African prototype than the European prototype as well. So it might be possible but highly improbable that we could find a European with very dark skin, tightly curled hair, and thick lips that suggest the African prototype rather than the European prototype. Perceptions of race even inform the way we construct our own identities — though this isn’t always a negative thing.

Instead, they were given special instructions for reporting the race of interracial persons. A person with both white and black ancestry (termed “blood”) was to be recorded as “Negro,” no matter the fraction of that lineage (the “one-drop rule”). A person of mixed black and American Indian ancestry was also to be recorded as “Neg” (for “Negro”) unless he was considered to be “predominantly” American Indian and accepted as such within the community. A person with both white and American Indian ancestry was to be recorded as an Indian, unless his American Indian ancestry was small, and he was accepted as white within the community. In all situations in which a person had white and some other racial ancestry, he was to be reported as that other race.

According to a 2011 study by the Pew Research Center, the majority (51%) of Hispanic and Latino Americans prefer to identify with their families’ country of origin, while only 24% prefer the terms “Hispanic” or “Latino”. “Technical Documentation for the Census 2000 Modified Race Data Summary File”.

Health Associated With Intimate Partner Violence History

Many Hispanics from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well. Similar lifetime IPV rates were found for Latina and non- Rates of recent abuse , however, tended to be more common in Latina versus non-Latina women, but the differences were not statistically significant. In models adjusted for race/ethnicity, women with a lifetime IPV history had compromised health compared to non-abused women.